Skull fracture to the temporal bone through which the facial nerve travels is responsible for causing facial palsy. This is because the facial nerve travels through a small bony channel where the nerve can get crushed either by a blow to the head, or the swelling afterwards. This can result in temporary or permanent damage to one or both of the facial nerves. The complicating factor in head trauma is that commonly, other life-threatening issues are occurring, and require a great deal of time and attention before the temporal bone fracture is addressed. Moreover, a good assessment of facial function requires a cooperative patient, and many patients are in a coma following head trauma, making thorough examination of nerve function impossible. In the first stages, there may not be any obvious symptoms that the facial nerve has been damaged.
The impact-absorbing effects of facial fractures in closed-head injuries
Facial Injuries | HealthLink BC
A head injury is any sort of injury to your brain, skull, or scalp. This can range from a mild bump or bruise to a traumatic brain injury. Common head injuries include concussions, skull fractures, and scalp wounds. The consequences and treatments vary greatly, depending on what caused your head injury and how severe it is. Head injuries may be either closed or open. An open penetrating head injury is one in which something breaks your scalp and skull and enters your brain.
Presence of head injuries in patients with maxillofacial trauma is a lifethreatening condition. Prompt determination of head injury in these patients is crucial for improving patient survival and recovery. Hence, the need to know about the incidence of head injuries associated with maxillofacial trauma becomes an important aspect.
Knowing the signs and symptoms of a serious head injury will help you get the right care. Speak with a health care provider about the injury as soon as possible. If you think a head injury might be serious, call or visit an emergency department right away. For non-emergency information or advice, call to speak with a registered nurse any time of the day, every day of the year. For more information about head injury, including concussion recognition, diagnosis, treatment and management, see:.