A colposcopy is a procedure to find out whether there are abnormal cells on or in a woman's cervix or vagina. The cervix is the part of the womb that sits in the vagina. Abnormalities tend to occur at the opening of the cervix to the birth canal, where it enters the womb. A colposcopy allows a doctor or trained nurse to find these abnormalities.
Colposcopy-Directed Biopsy: Purpose, Procedure, and Risks
Colposcopy - NHS
Skip to Content. Your doctor may want to do a colposcopy to check for changes in the health of your cervix, vagina, and vulva. Here are a few things to know about this important examination before your appointment. A colposcopy is used to find cancerous cells or abnormal cells that can become cancerous in the cervix, vagina, or vulva. A special instrument called a colposcope gives your doctor a lighted, highly magnified view of the tissues that make up your cervix, vagina, and vulva.
He or she uses a tool called a colposcope. It shines a light on the cervix and magnifies the view. A colposcopy often is done if you have an abnormal Pap smear. The purpose of the exam is to get a close look the cervix.
The main goal of colposcopy is to prevent cervical cancer by detecting and treating precancerous lesions early. Human Papillomavirus HPV is a common infection and the underlying cause for most cervical cancers. Smoking also makes developing cervical abnormalities more likely.